India’s health care services industry is poised to become a major driver of economic growth as first-world patients, driven out of their own systems by high costs and crowded conditions, look for cheaper places for medical care. For India, new terms such as health tourism, health care outsourcing and medical back office support are suddenly gaining currency. The health care sector in India has witnessed an enormous growth in infrastructure in the private and voluntary sector. The private sector which was very modest in the early stages, has now become a flourishing industry equipped with the most modern state-of-the-art technology at its disposal.
This operation is done to open up a narrowing of the ureter. This is the tube that goes from patient’s kidney to patient’s bladder. A nephrostomy tube (a small drainage tube) is passed through an incision(cut) in patients back into patient’s kidney.
A ureteric stent (small hollow, plastic tube) is then passed through the nephrostomy tube into the ureter. This stent makes sure that urine (pee) drains from the kidney to bladder. The nephrostomy tube may be removed after patient’s stent is in place. Patient’s stent will stay in place for a few weeks.
What does the procedure for Endopyelotomy Surgery involve ?
Two approaches are commonly used for Endopyelotomy; both these techniques are performed under general anesthesia. Patient will be required to stay in the hospital for 2 days following the Endopyelotomy procedure : –
- Antegrade Endopyelotomy : – In this procedure, the ureteropelvic junction of the kidney is approached from the side through the Nephrostomy tube. A blade is used to cut the UPJ and relieve the obstruction. The entire procedure takes about 2 – 3 hours. The nephrostomy tube is left in after Endopyelotomy.
- Retrograde Endopyelotomy : – This procedure is performed by approaching the UPJ via the urethra. The Retrograde Endopyelotomy instrument contains a balloon that dilates and at the same time cuts to relieve the obstructed UPJ. This technique of Endopyelotomy is performed under general, regional or intravenous sedation. The entire procedure of Retrograde Endopyelotomy takes about 2 hours.
Benefits of Endopyelotomy Surgery : –
- Short hospital stay
- Quicker recovery
- Less pain during post-operative period following Endopyelotomy
- Less need for pain medication
- Quicker return to normal activity and work
- Smaller incisions and less scarring
- The advantage of this approach is two fold. Primary placement of the stent helps to define the appropriate site and direction for the endopyelotomy incision, allowing marsupialization of the proximal ureter into the renal pelvis. Use of this technique also obviates the need to pass a large-caliber stent after the endopyelotomy incision has been made, thereby avoiding a potential risk of ureteropelvic junction disruption.
Risks of Endopyelotomy Surgery : –
- Failure of the operation
- Excessive bleeding
- Infection (at the operation site or the urinary tract)
- Injury to other organs and tissues
Cost of Endopyelotomy Surgery in india
Endopyelotomy surgery cost depends on the particular surgery that is being performed, its complications and also depends on specific hospitals and geographical areas and even countries. For e.g. In India Endopyelotomy surgery is performed at a very low cost, compared to countries like United States. Patients planning to undergo Endopyelotomy surgery should make sufficient inquiries to their doctor regarding the surgery, surgery procedures, risks, cost estimates and alternate treatments available etc.