The following are the common ways through which breast cancer can be treated and these are:
a) Surgery: According to the study, there are many patients for whom surgery is the best option to treat breast cancer. The hospitals under We Care India have the best breast surgeons and surgical oncology that have more than 20 years of experience in performing surgical procedures for the many types of breast cancer which include inflammatory and invasive diseases. We have a team of highly qualified and skilled professionals who are capable to treat advanced breast tumors which involve the chest wall, and also these surgeons will perform palliative surgeries to eliminate pain and increase the comfort level for their patients’.
b) Hormone Therapy: This treatment is recommended to women who are dealing with ER-positive breast cancer. Hormone therapy is used to block certain hormones which trigger cancer growth.
c) Radiation Therapy: When you have a breast tumor which is large in size and is not easily removed by surgery then your surgeon will give radiation therapy before surgery which helps the tumor to get shrink. After you have breast-sparing surgery your surgeon will give radiation treatments which may help in destroying the remaining cancer cells in your breast area.
d) Chemotherapy: Generally, the surgeon will recommend chemotherapy to the patients who are dealing with locally advanced or metastatic cancer.
e) Targeted Therapy: These are the medications which are designed to close the HER2 gene, cutting off the cancer cells’ which supply energy.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a lump or mass in the breast tissue which is recognized at the first instance. When a woman finds a lump she will visit her doctor and it is advisable to every woman that she should be aware of other changes to her breast or nipple.
The different types of breast cancer have different related symptoms for breast cancer. For example, a woman who deals with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), which mainly forms in the milk ducts, is a reason for a distinct breast lump which you can feel. For women who are dealing with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), which usually forms in milk-producing glands and this can cause a thickening in the breast.
The following are some early warning signs of breast cancer:
- If you find there is a change in the skin such as redness, swelling, or other visible differences in one or both breasts.
- If you feel any pain in or on any part of your breast.
- If there is a drastic increase in breast size or change in the shape of the breast(s).
- If you found that the lumps or nodes are felt on or inside of the breast area.
- If there is a change in the appearance of one or both nipples.
- If you found that there is a discharge from nipple other than breast milk.
How breast cancer can be diagnosed?
Your doctor will suggest the following tests through which they are able to diagnose breast cancer and these are:
a) Clinical breast exam: This is a test which your doctor will conduct to check the breast and if they feel lumps under the arms which means you are dealing with breast cancer and need further treatment.
b) Mammogram: This is an x-ray which gives the clear picture of the breast.
c) Ultrasound scan: Your doctor will perform an ultrasound scan in which high-energy sound waves are bounced off internal organs or and make some echoes. These echoes will form a body picture of tissues which is known as a sonogram and the picture will be printed to be looked at a later stage.
d) MRI scan: MRI is a technology in which radiofrequency waves create detailed pictures of both breasts. Your doctor will perform MRI which helps in identifying breast tumors which may have been missed by mammogram test.
e) Biopsy: With the help of some common biopsies your doctor will able to diagnose breast cancer by using fine-needle aspiration biopsy in which he/she will use a small needle; core needle biopsy where your doctor will make a use of a large needle; MRI-guided biopsy; or surgical biopsy where your doctor will remove all or part of a lump and also check for cancer. Your doctor will perform the fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsies by using certain imaging tests which are Breast MRI, ultrasound, mammography or CT scan.
Your breast surgeon will first perform a sentinel lymph node biopsy to determine whether cancer has spread to the lymph glands under the arm. They will directly inject a radioactive substance or a dye under the skin of the breast. After that, your surgeon will remove the first set of lymph nodes and it will be reviewed by a pathologist to check whether the cancer cells are still existing or not.
What are the side effects of breast cancer in the long-term?
The following are the side effects of breast cancer in long-term and these are:
- You may experience fatigue.
- You will feel headaches.
- You experience pain and numbness.
- You deal with some dental issues.
- There will be a chance of bone loss and osteoporosis
- You might deal with some heart problems.
- Chances of occurring new cancers
- You might deal with cataracts in your eyes.
- There may be some blood clots.
- You do not have regular periods.
- You may deal with menopausal symptoms.
- You might find difficulties during intercourse.
- You deal with infertility issues.
- There may be chances of memory loss and cognitive function.
Why choose We Care India for breast cancer treatment?
We Care is a medical tourism company in India which have tie-ups with best and renowned breast cancer hospitals where the patient will get the best treatment at a very reasonable cost. We have a team of highly qualified oncologists who perform different procedures for breast cancer in India. Also, the hospitals under We Care India are well equipped with the most advanced medical treatments and this is the reason that people in larger number travel India for their cancer treatments.