Overview of Valve Repair Surgery in India

Valve Repair Surgery in India

Valve Repair Surgery in India is performed by highly trained and skilled surgeons at the hospitals under We Care India who will perform this surgery to repair or replace the disease heart valves which occurs due to the abnormal functioning of heart valves and this is block the blood flow in the body. The blood flows through different chambers of the heart and this need to flow through a heart valve. Also, the blood which flows from the patient’s heart to larger arteries must flow through heart valves. Valve repair surgery is one of the best procedures as it prevents permanent damage to the patient’s heart which increases their life expectancy.

The surgeon will open these valves to ensure smooth blood flow and once the required blood is out, the surgeons then close them to ensure that blood will not flow back.

What are the causes due to which heart valve disease occurs?

The following are some different causes due to which heart valve disease occurs in the patient’s body and these are:

a) Congenital birth defects: This can be a major cause, in case the patient is affected by birth with congenital defects.

b) Heart Attack: This is one of the most common cause due to which heart valve disease occurs.

c) Hypertension: Hypertension or high blood pressure will increase the risk of heart valve disease.

d) Cardiomyopathy: This is a cause which involves degenerative changes in the muscles of the patient’s heart.

e) Coronary artery disease: This is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood become narrow and hard due to which heart valve disease occurs.

f) Lupus: This is a condition in which a chronic autoimmune disorder will result in heart valve disease.

What can be the signs and symptoms of heart valve disease?

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of valve disease and these are:

a) Breathing problems: Some people may experience problems while breathing especially after the physical exercise or when they lie down flat in their bed.

b) Swelling: When people see swelling in their ankles, feet or belly.

c) Weight gain: When patient see that they are gaining their weight which is around 3 to 4 kgs a day.

d) Weakness: When people experience weakness while performing normal daily activities.

e) Pressure in the chest: When people experience pressure in their chest especially in cold weather.

How many types of procedure are there to repair heart valve disease?

At the hospitals under We Care India, there are various procedures to repair the heart valve disease and these are as follows:

a) Commissurotomy: This is a surgical procedure which is useful to treat heart valve disease. While performing this procedure the surgeon will cut the point where leaflets meet and open the valve. Usually, the surgeon will perform this procedure on the patients who have narrow valves.

b) Valvuloplasty: The purpose to perform valvuloplasty is to strengthen the valve and to provide support which helps to close the valve tightly. The surgeon will place a ring around the outside of the valve which gives more support and makes the valve strong.

c) Reshaping: The surgeon will perform this procedure when they cut out a portion of the leaflet and they stitch back it together so that the valve will be closed.

d) Decalcification: This procedure is performing to remove the excess calcium from leaflets. Once the calcium is eliminated, the leaflets can close properly.

e) Patching: Patching will be done when the surgeon repairs the tear in the valve or holes in the leaflets. This is helpful when there is less damage to the valve before birth.

How the Valve Repair Surgery India procedure works?

To perform the Valve Repair Surgery in India, the heart surgeon at the hospitals under We Care India will open the patient chest so that they can easily access the heart and the damaged valve during the procedure. This procedure will be performed under general anesthesia which means the patient will be asleep during the procedure but he/she will not experience any pain. While performing the heart valve repair surgery, usually the surgeon stops the patient’s heartbeat temporarily and they will connect them to the heart-lung machine which will take over the blood flow and blood circulation. The surgeons at the hospitals under We Care India also use another approach in which they will perform the surgery on the patient’s beating heart but which one is suitable for you that will only be confirmed by the heart surgeon once they properly examine you.

The surgeon will also use the minimally invasive approach in which they will make the smaller cut as compared to open surgery by using different techniques such as (i) Endoscopy or laparoscopy, (ii) Robotic surgery. These are the advanced and latest techniques through which your surgeon will perform the valve repair surgery. These are the procedures in which you experience less pain, less scarring and fast recovery.

How soon the patient will recover from valve repair surgery?

After the surgery is completed, the patient will be monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU). When the effect of anesthesia wears off and patient awake he/she will be connected to the device which records their heartbeat, functioning of lungs. If patients experience breathing problem then they will be kept on a ventilator also the surgeon will give them pain relief medications. The surgeon will suggest the patient walk as soon as possible after the surgery as it will help them to recover quick and fast. The patient will get discharged from the hospital within one week to 10 days after the surgery with proper advice and medications which needs to be taken by the patient at home. The patient needs to visit the hospital for regular follow-ups and the full recovery from the surgery will take around 3 to 4 months. If the patient follows the instructions given by their surgeon it will help them to recover fast and enjoy their normal routine activities with ease.