When There is a Need for Cataract Surgery in India?
When your natural lens of the eye starts becoming cloudy as an aging consequence, it is defined as cataract and if this condition of an eye is not treated then it might result in vision loss or complete blindness. It has been found that this condition usually occurs to appear after the age of 50 years; however, it has also been seeing that it could not create any problem until the patient gets 80 years old. Cataract Surgery in India is commonly performed to treat this disease. The cataract develops in your eyes crystalline lens and happens because of a mutation of the fibers contained in the lens, and it results in a loss of transparency. In such cases, the eye surgeons use the surgical approach where they will replace or clean out if the lesion is not too extended the damaged.
How Cataract Surgery India is Performed?
Before performing Cataract Surgery India your surgeon will follow the following steps:
- At the outset, your eye surgeon will apply some eye drops to your eye which dilate your pupil.
- After that, the other staff member will clean and wash the area around your eye.
- Once this is completed, your eye surgeon will inject anesthesia into the tissue of your eye. Alternatively, this anesthesia can also be administered as drops.
- When your surgeon performing the surgery, to prevent you from blinking your eyes they put eyelid holders to keep your eyelids open and hold them in place.
Your eye surgeon will use two different methods to remove the cataract from your eyes and these are (i) Phacoemulsification and (ii) Extracapsular
- Phacoemulsification: The following are the steps which your eye surgeon will follow while performing this procedure and these are:
- Your eye surgeon will use a fine scalpel or laser and will make around three-minute incisions which is less than 1 to 4 mm on the side of the cornea.
- Your eye surgeon will create an opening using the capsule of your lens, through which they insert a small probe emitting ultrasound waves. The ultrasound waves then break the cloudy lens into fragments.
- Your eye surgeon will pull out the fragments through the incisions.
- After that, your surgeon will inject a small artificial intraocular lens made of plastic, silicone, or acrylic compounds through an incision.
- Once it is placed inside your eye, the artificial lens unfolds automatically and takes up the position of the natural lens.
- Once your artificial lens takes the position inside your eye the phacoemulsification procedure is completed.
- No sutures are required as your incisions made are very minute.
2. Extracapsular: The following are the steps which your eye surgeon will follow while performing this procedure and these are:
- In this procedure, your eye surgeon will make a large incision which is of 10 to 12 mm on the side of your cornea.
- With the help of this large incision, your surgeon will remove the entire cloudy lens as one single piece.
- After that, your surgeon will insert an artificial lens through the opening to replace your natural lens.
- Once your surgeon inserts the artificial lens they will suture the incision. In this procedure, sutures are required as your surgeon made the large incision. These sutures do not need to be removed.
Your recovery period from the extracapsular cataract surgery is longer as compared to the phacoemulsification cataract surgery because of the large size of the incision is made in extracapsular cataract surgery.
Vision After Cataract Surgery
After cataract surgery, you can expect your vision to begin improving within a few days. You might feel that your vision is blurry at first as your eye heals and adjusts.
You need to visit your eye surgeon a day or two after your surgery then the following week and after that about a month to monitor healing.
After cataract surgery, it is normal if you feel itching and mild discomfort which will last for a couple of days after surgery. Your surgeon will advise you to avoid rubbing or pushing on your eye and they may ask you to wear an eye patch or protective shield the day of surgery. Your surgeon may also recommend wearing the eye patch for a few days after your surgery and the protective shield when you sleep during your recovery period for the better and effective results.
Your eye surgeon will also prescribe some eye drops or other medication which prevent your eyes from infection, reduce inflammation and control eye pressure. After a couple of days of your surgery, most of the discomfort should disappear and complete healing of your eye will occur within eight weeks after the surgery.
You need to contact immediately to your eye surgeon if you experience any of the following:
- Vision loss
- Increased eye redness
- Nausea, vomiting or excessive coughing
- Pain that persists after the use of over-the-counter pain medications
At the eye hospitals under We Care India, the surgeon will recommend the patients to wear glasses at least some of the time, after cataract surgery. Your eye surgeon is the best person who will let you know when your eyes have healed enough and you can get a final prescription for eyeglasses.
If you have cataracts in both eyes then your eye surgeon will recommend the second surgery after a month or two later to remove the cataract in your other eye. This will allow your first eye to heal before the second eye surgery takes place.
How much does Cataract Surgery Cost India?
The Cataract Surgery Cost India mainly depends upon the age of the person, the intraocular lens is chosen as well as the previous history of eye procedures. Depending upon these factors, cataract surgery cost can range from USD 600 to USD 700. The actual cost of the cataract surgery will be given to you when you visit the hospitals under We care India. The surgeons at these hospitals will determine your eyes exact condition and then give you an exact cost of the treatment.