When There is a Need for Cataract Surgery in India?
When your natural lens of the eye starts becoming cloudy as an aging consequence, it is defined as cataract and if this condition of an eye is not treated then it might result in vision loss or complete blindness. It has been found that this condition usually occurs to appear after the age of 50 years; however, it has also been seeing that it could not create any problem until the patient gets 80 years old. Cataract Surgery in India is commonly performed to treat this disease. The cataract develops in your eyes crystalline lens and happens because of a mutation of the fibers contained in the lens, and it results in a loss of transparency. In such cases, the eye surgeons use the surgical approach where they will replace or clean out if the lesion is not too extended the damaged.
How Cataract Surgery India is Performed?
During the surgery of cataract, the lens inside of the patient’s eye that has become affected by cataract (or say has become cloudy) is removed and surgically replaced with an artificial lens, this lens is referred as IOL or Intraocular lens. IOL restores clear vision.
Cataract surgery is done on an outpatient basis (where the patient needs not to stay overnight after surgery, he or she can go home after a few hours of the procedure). Cataract surgery is done through modern technique by We Care India involving the use of high-frequency ultrasound device, which breaks the lens (cloudy) into small pieces and then the eye-surgeon gently removes this from the eye with suction.
We Care India’s eye surgeon uses three different methods to remove the cataract from the patient’s eyes and these are
- Extracapsular and
- Laser cataract surgery
PROCEDURE OF PHACOEMULSIFICATION
Phacoemulsification or “phaco” is performed by using smaller incisions than the previous surgical method for cataract surgery was done. This is the latest and fast healing procedure. This surgery involves less complication and reduced risk, for example, it never gives a possibility of retinal detachment.
By using a fine scalpel or laser, the surgeon creates 1-4mm incisions on the side of the cornea and makes an opening through the capsule of the lens. Through this, the surgeon inserts a small probe that emits ultrasound waves, this in turns breaks the cloudy lens or affected lens into fragments.
After this step, the surgeon suctions out the fragments through incisions, he later inserts an artificial IOL lens (Intraocular lens). This artificial lens is made up of plastic, silicone or acrylic compounds.
Once IOL is set in position, this surgery gets complete. One of the most significant plus point of this IOL is its long-lasting procedure. Artificial lens or IOL lasts for the remainder of a person’s life.
After IOL implantation in the patient’s eye, the surgeon closes the incision (there are not any stitches required) and then a protective shield is placed over the eye that keeps safe the eye in the early stages of this surgery.
PROCEDURE OF EXTRACAPSULAR –
Given below are the steps that follow in the procedure of extracapsular cataract surgery –
During this surgery, the first step is to make incisions but here, instead of making small incisions, incisions are made large (10-12mm) on the side of the cornea. By creating a large incision, the surgeon removes cloudiness of the lens as one single piece and then IOL is inserted (artificial lens) after replacing the natural lens (cloudy lens).
Once the artificial lens is applied, the surgeon sews up the incisions; this suture has to be done in this surgical process because the incision (which was created earlier) is larger compared with the previous surgical method. These stitches do not need to be separated or removed.
PROCEDURE OF LASER CATARACT SURGERY –
Laser cataract surgery is a new and advanced technique of removing cataract disorder. Laser cataract cost is quite elevated from the above two surgeries. This is because of laser costs pricey for a surgeon to purchase, apart from this cost, there are other significant costs associated with the surgical procedure and maintenance of the technology.
Researchers have studied that laser for cataract improves the accuracy at a certain step of cataract surgery.
Vision After Cataract Surgery
After cataract surgery, you can expect your vision to begin improving within a few days. You might feel that your vision is blurry at first as your eye heals and adjusts.
You need to visit your eye surgeon a day or two after your surgery then the following week and after that about a month to monitor healing.
After cataract surgery, it is normal if you feel itching and mild discomfort which will last for a couple of days after surgery. Your surgeon will advise you to avoid rubbing or pushing on your eye and they may ask you to wear an eye patch or protective shield the day of surgery. Your surgeon may also recommend wearing the eye patch for a few days after your surgery and the protective shield when you sleep during your recovery period for the better and effective results.
Your eye surgeon will also prescribe some eye drops or other medication which prevent your eyes from infection, reduce inflammation and control eye pressure. After a couple of days of your surgery, most of the discomfort should disappear and complete healing of your eye will occur within eight weeks after the surgery.
You need to contact immediately to your eye surgeon if you experience any of the following:
- Vision loss
- Increased eye redness
- Nausea, vomiting or excessive coughing
- Pain that persists after the use of over-the-counter pain medications
At the eye hospitals under We Care India, the surgeon will recommend the patients to wear glasses at least some of the time, after cataract surgery. Your eye surgeon is the best person who will let you know when your eyes have healed enough and you can get a final prescription for eyeglasses.
If you have cataracts in both eyes then your eye surgeon will recommend the second surgery after a month or two later to remove the cataract in your other eye. This will allow your first eye to heal before the second eye surgery takes place.
How much does Cataract Surgery Cost India?
The Cataract Surgery Cost India mainly depends upon the age of the person, the intraocular lens is chosen as well as the previous history of eye procedures. Depending upon these factors, cataract surgery cost can range from USD 600 to USD 700. The actual cost of the cataract surgery will be given to you when you visit the hospitals under We care India. The surgeons at these hospitals will determine your eyes exact condition and then give you an exact cost of the treatment.